Building on the Social-Ecological Panel (SÖP) established in the BMBF-funded project Eval-MAP, this research project pursues two goals: First, different adaptation and emission avoidance measures are investigated in terms of their acceptance and impact on private households. Second, the associated social impacts will be analyzed. The research project will extend the publicly available household panel data set (fdz.rwi-essen.de/mikrodaten.html) established in the previous Eval-MAP project by two additional waves of surveys in order to improve the basis for an evidence-based assessment of climate policy instruments as well as climate change adaptation measures on this data basis.
Update on the project´s process
The first survey on climate change adaptation measures has been completed, and the second survey is underway. Due to current events, a set of questions on the Corona pandemic was integrated into the first survey. This complex of questions was also included in the current survey in an expanded form. The results show that despite the Corona pandemic, climate change remained an important issue in 2020: only six percent of respondents feel that climate change has become less important since the beginning of the year. 70% see no change in the importance of the issue. 23% even think climate change has become more important in recent months. Nonetheless, initial correlation and regression analyses indicate that households with Corona-related financial losses view climate change as less important than unaffected households. Moreover, the experience of severe financial losses due to the Corona pandemic affects individuals' risk taking in a significantly negative way. This is contrary to the traditional assumption that such preferences are constant.
Preliminary results of the project
Most relevant from a policy perspective is the result that the majority of respondents who received the question in the OE format would have accepted an additional increase of 2 cents in the EEG Levy, whereas only an increase of 1 cent per kWh would have been accepted by more than 50% of the respondents who received the respective question in the SBC format (see Figure). Based on these results, we conclude that the tolerance of the majority of consumers with respect to further increases in the support level of renewable energy technologies may be almost exhausted.
Frondel, M., S. Sommer und L. Tomberg (2021), WTA-WTP Disparity: The Role of Perceived Realism of the Valuation Setting. Land Economics (forthcoming)
Andor, M. A., M. Frondel und M. Horvath (2021), Consequentiality, Elicitation Formats, and the Willingness-To-Pay for Green Electricity: Evidence from Germany. Land Economics (forthcoming)
Frondel, M., G. Kussel, T. Larysch und D. Osberghaus (2020), Klimapolitik während der Corona-Pandemie: Ergebnisse einer Haushaltserhebung. Zeitschrift für Umweltpolitik und Umweltrecht (4): 402-425.
Simora, M., C. Vance und M. Frondel (2020), Do Financial Incentives Increase the Acceptance of Power Lines? Evidence from Germany. Regional Science and Urban Economics 85 : 103575.